7. The Source of the Scientific Revolution

Why was modern science born in Europe not in China or Egypt? Why did the 16th century launch the scientific revolution?

Why did the reformation and not rationalism launch science. In fact rationalism was an impediment to science because it discouraged experimentation.

Aristotle (rationalism) vs. Gallileo (observation).

Aristotle rationally arrived at the idea that objects with different mass would fall at different rates of speed: Heavier objects falling faster. He never bothered to test it, and in fact nobody did until Gallileo, who conducted an experiment by dropping things from tower of Pisa.  He discovered that objects with different mass fell at the same rate.

Muslim clerics followed Aristotle and said that if rationalism contradicted observation then observation was wrong. But Christian scientist like Gallileo, Bacon and Newton pushed for observation. Why?

The Reformation gave birth to the inductive method of study. People began to read God’s word inductively, literally rather than allegorically. They saw that God had 2 Books, the Bible and Nature, and viewed science is God’s treasure hunt. A quest to find what was written about God and reality in nature.

Jesus asked skeptics to observe his works. When John the Baptist asked Jesus if he was the messiah in Matthew 11, he told his discipled to tell John to look at the evidence. Likewise in the OT Moses asked God for a way to give evidence to Pharao and God obliged (Exodus 4).

Low resolution/low bandwidth version – https://youtu.be/m4sjG7cqix0